The family Bufonidae contains 25 genera and 450 or so species. The following is a list of the genera and their general characteristics and distribution.
Please note that due to the general paucity of readily available knowledge about these creatures, this list is an ongoing work and will probably take some time to complete. Links will be provided from genus names to a list of their species when such information is available.
|Ansonia , Torrent Toads||Atelophryniscus||Atelopus|
|Bufo, True Toads||Bufoides||Capensibufo|
|Oreophrynella||Osornophryne||Pedostibes, Tree Toads|
|Genus||Common Name||No. of species||Distribution||Notes|
|Adenomus||3||Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guiana, Surinam, French Guiana, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Trinidad, Ecuador, Argentina, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Hispaniola, Virgin Islands||Mainly South America (not Chile), also Caribbean|
|Altiphrynoides||1||Tanzania, Somalia and Ethiopian|
|Andinophryne||3||Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina|
|Ansonia||Torrent Toads||21||India and SE Asia||Parotoid glands absent.|
|Atelophryniscus||1||Nigeria and Cameroon|
|Atelopus||Harlequin Toads||75||S & C America|
|Bufo||True Toads||200+||Worldwide except for polar regions||Parotoid glands present; fingers free, discs absent. Sole Australian species, B. marinus, was introduced in 1930s. Distinctive as a genus but often hard to distinguish from one another at a species level.|
|Bufoides||1||Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia|
|Capensibufo||?||2||Tanzania, Republic of South Africa, Zimbabwe, Mozambique|
|Dendrophryniscus||?||7||N South America|
|Didynamipus||?||1||Kenya, Tanzania||Compressed snout, well-developed pectoral shields.|
|Frostius||1||Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay,
|Metaphryniscus||?||1||Zimbabwe, Zambia, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Congo, Mozambique, Republic of South Africa|
|Pedostibes||Tree Toads||6||SE Asia||Parotoid glands present; fingers webbed, discs present.|
|Pseudobufo||1||Malaysia, Borneo and Indonesia|
|Rhamphophryne||10||Central & N South America|
Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa, W Kästle, H H Schleich and K Kabisch, Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany 1996. Outstanding review of N African herpetofauna giving detailed account of each species.
Keeping and Breeding Amphibians, Chris Mattison, Blandford Press,
The Proper Care of Amphibians, John Coborn, TFH, 1992. Although I have been often critical of Coborn's books in the past - some, notably on lizards, have contained erroneous information - this is not a bad one. It is very useful for an oversight of all the amphibian families and contains some information on many species which are rarely seen in captivity.
Frogs, Toads and Treefrogs, RD and Patricia P Bartlett, Barron's Educational Series, 1996. This is a good book for details on the captive husbandry of the most common anurans you are likely to see offered in the pet trade.
Urania Tierreich: Fische, Lurche, Kriechtiere (various authors, but edited I believe by Professor Kurt Deckert: amphibian contributor was Dr Günther Freytag), Urania-Verlagsgesellschaft, Leipzig. Part of a 6-volume encyclopedia set on the animal kingdom and perhaps comparable to Grzimek's volumes, this volume provides a very useful overview of all the genera and many representative species.
Herpetology of China, Er-mi Zhao and Kraig Adler, SSAR, 1993. Catalogue of practically every reptile and amphibian species found in mainland China, Hongkong, Macao, Tibet and Taiwan. There are few details of the ecology of the animals, but readers are referred to a very comprehensive bibliography, and colour plates are provided for many of the creatures listed.
The Book of Indian Reptiles and Amphibians, J C Daniel, Bombay Natural History Society/Oxford University Press, 2002.
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